Career guidance method

The focus of the career guidance programme at Equilibria is to provide a structured programme with a variety of qualitative activities and psychometric tests in order to effectively facilitate self- and vocational exploration.

Principles

The principles on which the programme is based are aligned with contemporary career counselling practice. They are:

  • A developmental approach where career counselling and guidance are seen as a process across the span of the year as students gather more information and gain increased insight. It is not seen as a once-off session where students complete psychometric tests and base their career decisions on the scores.
  • A student-focused approach where the student is seen as an active agent who makes his/her own decisions based on thorough self- and vocational exploration. This is a constructivist approach where students take their past into account, carefully look at their present situation and circumstances and build upon it to author and design their own future life and career.
  • A contextual approach where the student’s unique circumstances e.g. family and personal history, socio-economic status, etc., are taken into consideration. This also includes the wider context, such as the economic outlook of South Africa and the world, career trends, labour market demands, scarce skills, and tertiary institution requirements.
  • Reality testing where the individual student’s personality, interests, values, talents, abilities, academic school subjects and symbols, physical, mental, psychological and learning problems are taken into account in the career field and vocation they choose and the further and higher education institutions they qualify for.

PROGRAMME STAGES

The various Career Guidance Stages are delivered interactively and may overlap from time to time:

STAGE 1: CAREER ORIENTATION AND PREPARATION

Orientation

– Overview of career guidance process
– Career guidance study guide
– Student Profile training

Outcomes

– Obtain Career Portfolio
– Read study guide

STAGE 2: SELF-EXPLORATION

Self-knowledge

– Questionnaires and psychometric tests to determine interests, personality, abilities, talents, values.
– Parents compile student profile
– Narrative testing
– Individual career counseling
– Students compile Personality Profiles
– Motivational training
– Reality testing

Outcomes

– Personality Profile completed
– Parent Profile completed
– Sufficient self-knowledge
– Reality testing results

STAGE 3: CAREER EXPLORATION

Exploration of career options

– Internet research
– Brochures and marketing materials
– Videos
– Individual career counseling
– Career research training
– Decision-making skills training
– Collaborative group work
– Career expos and open days

Outcomes

– Self-knowledge integration with career options
– Preliminary career choices: 2 career fields
– Preliminary choice of study options: 2 study programmes
– Preliminary choice of tertiary institution/s
– Appointments and arrangements for fieldwork research

STAGE 4: PRACTICAL CAREER RESEARCH

Fieldwork Career Research

– Job shadowing in 2 careers
– Networking
– Individual career counseling
– Interviews with professional people in 2 careers
– Narrow down career options

Fieldwork Study Research

– Visit tertiary institutions
– Attend classes (student shadowing)
– View handbooks of courses
– Interview lecturers in 2 study fields
– Interview students in 2 study fields
– Gather information on entry requirements, costs of study programmes, lodging options, application procedures.

Outcomes

– Career Research Report
– Final career choice
– Vocational options identified
– Final choice of study programme
– Final choice of tertiary institution
– Sufficient information to do final career planning

STAGE 5: FINAL CAREER PLANNING

Further study

– Submit application form /cover letter
– Arrange accommodation
– Apply for bursaries
– Draw up a budget
– Pay deposits and fees

Entering job market

– Refine CV
– Networking
– Job applications / cover letter
– Review interview skills

Become an entrepreneur

– Write a business plan
– Do a feasibility study
– Find a niche market
– Draw up a marketing plan
– Do business planning

Comments are closed.